A George III Ormolu ‘Candlestick Clock’ with Matching Candelabra Attributed to William Parker

Height: 15 ¾” 40 cm
Width: 4 ¾” 12 cm
Origination: English
Provenance: Almost certainly F. Jones, Tavistock Street, Bedford, 25 March 1931, as an 18th century ormolu clock with cut-glass pendants (£121.12). Prof. A.E. Richardson, Avenue House, Ampthill, Bedfordshire
Circa: 1780

This outstanding and exceedingly rare clock may be confidently attributed to William Parker who on the 28th March 1781, had patented a particular type of candelabra and notes that this was a new method for assembling ‘the pedestals or supports for candlesticks, girandoles, chandeliers, candelabrums, lamps, candle shades, eparns, clocks…’[1]  Between 1782-3 he supplied a number of items to the Duke of Devonshire,  including a set of four candelabra with this patent base which remain at Chatsworth[2] and are recorded in Parker’s bill to the Duke of Devonshire.


It is also probable that the gilt decoration was carried out by James Giles, one of the finest 18th Century glass and porcelain decorators.  Giles fabricated gilt and enamelled objects in the neoclassical style but was supplied with glass by Parker.  Giles’ ledgers between 1771 and 1774 showing purchases totalling £234.7.8 from Parker’s glass.

[1]  Exhibition catalogue, Country House Lighting 1660-1890, Temple Newsam Country House Studies, No.4, pp. 44-45, catalogue No. 10.


[2] Mortimer op. cit. p. 97, plate 43), recorded in Parker’s bill to the Duke of Devonshire of 1782-3.


C. Hussey, ‘Avenue House, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, The Residence of Prof. A.E. Richardson, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A.’, Country Life, 8 December 1934, p.615, fig.3, where illustrated in the Saloon.

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